5G technology has not yet finished taking hold, but the US and China are already working to take the first step towards 6G technology that is expected to be operational by 2030/2035.
Whoever masters the next step in information and communication technology will have the rest of the nations at their mercy. Although 5G technology has yet to take hold, the United States and China are already working on 6G technology , according to Reinhardt Krause at Investors.
The American telecommunications industry plans to send “ The 6G National Roadmap” to Congress and the Biden administration in 2022. They will also recommend the most suitable radio spectrum for 6G network applications.
This plan is being developed by the Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS) , which already formed the Next G Alliance last year, which brings together almost 70 corporate members. The ATIS idea is also to raise government funding to drive 6G research and business development .
It also aims to put the United States on a fast track to provide the technical specifications , as global industry standard setters have set their sights on the 6G network by 2024/2025 . Telecommunications companies will have to bid for 6G radio waves, but ATIS plans to move away from that issue.
“Certainly we are looking at what is happening on the global landscape and there is a lot of energy globally around 6G,” said ATIS CEO Susan Miller . “We are looking at this through an entire ecosystem that takes it from the R&D phase to commercialization and market readiness . We are looking at it in a very comprehensive way.”
Who are the founders of the Next G Alliance?
Founding members include firms such as AT&T, Ciena, Facebook, Ericsson, Interdigital, Microsoft, Qualcomm, T-Mobile US, and Verizon Communications , as well as other companies.
How is 5G different from 6G?
5G wireless networks use high frequencies in bands from 24 gigahertz to 40 gigahertz, while 6G will use terahertz. Which carry much more data and transmit it over shorter distances. So 6G technology will require more antennas.
Mike Nawrocki, Managing Director of the Next G Alliance , says that lower mid-band spectrum has not been ruled out for a 6G network and hopes that 6G wireless will find a role in more demanding applications than 5G.
“Some of the applications right now that we see driving 6G include holographic services , things that require ultra-high definition positioning, extended reality, the concept of digital twins, and ultra-realistic gaming entertainment,” Nawrocki noted. “These are things that require significant bandwidth and, in some cases, very low latency.”
5G is still in development
While thinking about the next step, telecommunications companies continue to work in the early stages of building 5G networks.
US wireless companies spent $ 81 billion on a 5G wireless spectrum auction that ended in January. The government started another 5G spectrum auction on Tuesday, October 5. That auction could raise about $ 20 billion , analysts estimate.
While commercial 5G applications are still in development such as autonomous vehicles and drones , which will take years to develop their market.
Not forgetting the “internet of things” that seeks to provide private business-to-business services involving industrial devices connected to the internet. Not forgetting mobile edge computing in manufacturing, healthcare, agriculture, and other environments.
6G will be needed by 2030/2035
In a recent report, Bank of America speculated that 5G networks could begin to run out of data capacity by 2030. The report cited new applications such as XR , a combination of virtual and augmented reality, along with holograms and autonomous vehicles.
“6G will be the successor to 5G mobile technology in mobile data transmission and it is estimated that it will be commercially available before the end of this decade,” according to the report. “6G will offer 10 to 50 times higher speeds and bandwidth compared to 5G, with much better latency (network response time). According to different estimates, 6G download speeds could reach 400 to 500 gigabits per second “.
It also forecasts that by 2035 the global market for 6G wireless networks will be $ 1.77 trillion. It says a 6G network will be “the first network to adopt machine learning algorithms embedded in artificial intelligence to funnel data and maximize network traffic.”
The battle for 6G patents has already begun
“The 6G patent and R&D race is in full swing at the moment, but most activities are taking place behind closed doors, which is normal at this stage of new technology development,” said the analyst. from ABI Research Dimitris Mavrakis . “China is very active in this area, especially Huawei and ZTE , as well as Europe with Ericsson and Nokia and the United States, led by Qualcomm .”
You will remember the prohibition of the United States and some European countries to buy Huawei 5G network equipment for national security reasons. Huawei’s management has stated that it aims to be a leader in 6G wireless technology.
Mavrakis added that industry standards groups, such as 3GPP, continue to focus on more advanced versions of 5G networks.
But “many companies are beginning to discuss 6G developments, including terahertz spectrum, full duplex communications, cognitive networks and much more,” he added.