The ice hides a thousand and one stories. Although we do not like to say “thank you” to climate change, high ambient temperatures are opening the way for new discoveries under the ice, which have even amazed the scientific community.
We want to share some of those incredible discoveries with you.
1. A Viking road with remains of shoes from 300 AD. C.
A team of Norwegian archaeologists discovered what was once a great trade route near the Lendbreen Glacier. The discovery revealed that a society with an advanced economy lived in the area before the year 1400, the date of the arrival of the Black Death and the Little Ice Age.
Among the artifacts that were transported were the remains of knives, shoes, mittens, reindeer horseshoes and even a hand mixer from between 300 and 1500 AD. C. Too bad the change to a colder temperature and the plague contributed to the decline of the region.
2. A man no one knows how he got there
3. An ancient Eden
On the Finialspitze mountain, between Austria and Italy, two mountaineers came across what they initially assumed was the body of a deceased mountaineer. However, they later realized that they had stumbled upon a historical enigma. It was the body of a man from the Copper Age, who lived around 3300 BC. C., and whom the experts called Ötzi. What makes scientists scratch their heads is what led the man to leave his village, probably within a nearby valley, to dare to climb that mountain at 3,600 meters above sea level.
When examining his body, the archaeologists came up with a contradiction. The man had an injury, which made them think he was fleeing his village. However, in his stomach they found remains of a meal being quietly digested and unhurried. What will have happened?
4. Evidence of an asteroid that hit Earth
A couple of years ago, in northwestern Greenland, under the Hiawatha Glacier, evidence was discovered of a large crater left by an asteroid after hitting Earth at least 11.7 billion years ago. It is estimated that the iron meteorite was traveling at the inconceivable speed of 20 kilometers per second at the time of impact, and that it was more than 1 km in diameter. The hole left by the impact is so big that it is bigger than the city of Paris.
Scientists continue to investigate the age of the impact, but say the results of this were severe for the region and possibly for the entire planet. It was also a meteorite that is believed to have wiped out the dinosaurs, giving way to man’s dominance over Earth. It is believed that, in this case, it could have caused a rise in the temperature of the northern hemisphere and, perhaps, even a change in the global system of maritime currents.
5. Submerged islands
Marina Migunova is the name of the young naval oceanographic engineer of the Russian Armed Forces who discovered 5 hidden islands in the Novaya Zembla archipelago.
The area is an important center for international trade, since, with the progressive retreat of the ice, new maritime channels have been opened that operate throughout the year. The find is part of a larger Russian strategy to monitor the new geographic features of coastal areas.
6. A mammoth
A group of Russian scientists found the remains of a perfectly preserved mammoth on Liajovsky Island. This species that reminds us of today’s elephants lived on Earth 10,000 years ago, and the discovery of such well-preserved remains opened the door to the possible cloning and recovery of the species.
The specimen found is a female who is believed to have fallen into a swamp or well of water, allowing half of her body to freeze. So far, Russian researchers at the Northeast Federal University in eastern Siberia have signed an agreement with Hwang Woo-suk, a South Korean scientist known for cloning a dog, with a view to the eventual recreation of the mammoth.