October 18 – As part of the events dedicated to the Independence Day of Azerbaijan, one of the oldest and most widely read newspapers in Argentina, La Nación, published an article by the Ambassador of Azerbaijan in Argentina, Rashad Aslanov entitled “The essence and the Azerbaijani Independence Value “dedicated to the 30th anniversary of Azerbaijani independence.
According to the article 30 years ago, on October 18, 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan restored its independence and declared itself heir to the first Democratic Republic.
In the first years of its independence, Azerbaijan had to face numerous and serious problems, mainly due to the instability of internal politics, economic difficulties and the conflict with the neighboring country, Armenia that lasted for almost 30 years.
However, with the election of President Heydar Aliyev in 1993, the country was able to get out of difficulties and achieved success by consolidating two very valuable elements for any State: its sovereignty and political independence.
It is also added that, despite resistance and uncertainties about the future of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev pursued the signing of the “Contract of the Century”. This is how this significant event materialized on September 20, 1994 in Baku, with the commitment of 11 international companies (Amoco, BP, McDermott, UNOCAL, SOCAR, LuKoil, Statoil, Turkiye Petrolleri, Pennzoil, Ramco and Delta) from seven countries.
The “Contract of the Century” was included in the list of the most important agreements, both for the number of hydrocarbon reserves it involved, and for the total volume of proposed investments. This was the first contract signed by independent Azerbaijan with the world’s major oil companies. Furthermore, for the first time in the history of Azerbaijan, the Caspian Sea was presented to foreign investors.
It is written that as a result of the policy founded by Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijan became a recognized member of the international community, it proved to be something that all the countries of the world aspire to be: a reliable international partner. On the other hand, it became a guarantor of European energy security.
And it was in those years that foreign policy priorities were identified. Azerbaijan began its development as a modern secular state, enjoying a high level of growth and stability from 1993 to 2003, with a performance that has been recognized in the international public opinion.
Since 2003, Azerbaijan has experienced rapid growth of its economy, ensuring prosperity and socio-economic well-being for its population. In addition to having been able to position the country in a leading role in regional leadership, this has been the conclusion of the multidimensional policy carried out by the current president Ilham Aliyev.
According to the author of the article, taking the decade from 1993 to 2003. The average annual growth in the country was more than 10%, financial resources reached 70% of GDP and poverty was reduced from a rate of 54% to only the 4%. We are among the top countries in terms of foreign direct investment per capita. And another factual data is represented by the total amount of investments in our economy during the last 15 years, which was more than 230,000 million dollars, half of which are foreign investments.
Azerbaijan is, without question, an essential piece in the realization of large regional and international energy projects. Such as, for example, the Baku-Tiblisi-Ceyhan, Baku-Tiblisi-Erzurum connection line, the South Caucasus, Trans-Anatolia (TANAP) and Trans Adriatic (TAP) gas pipelines, three important segments of the Southern Gas Corridor, with which Azerbaijan plays a crucial role in Europe’s energy security. Along with the export of crude oil and gas, Azerbaijan has also become an exporter of electricity in recent years.
Revaluing this strategic role, Azerbaijan actively participates in the implementation of regional coordination projects such as the East-West, North-South and Northwest transport corridors, and therefore, it has become one of the main and most predictable transport hubs. and Eurasian logistics.
The greatest success in the history of independence is the liberation of the occupied Azerbaijani territories, the restoration of sovereignty and territorial integrity through the implementation of the resolutions of the UN Security Council. Now, Azerbaijan is fighting against time by demining liberated territories, rebuilding cities and districts subjected to “urbicide” in regions that were home to almost one million Azerbaijanis who forcibly became internally displaced.
Today Azerbaijan chairs the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries and on its initiative in December 2020 the Special Session of the UN General Assembly was held in response to the coronavirus. Azerbaijan also made voluntary financial contributions to the World Health Organization in the amount of $ 10 million. In addition, it provided direct financial and humanitarian assistance to more than 30 countries to support their fight against the coronavirus.
In concluding, the article highlights that, in recent years, the world has recognized how Azerbaijan has become a center of multiculturalism throughout the world. Because of how the peaceful coexistence of representatives of different religious and ethnic groups is exposed in the country. The UN General Assembly recognizes the World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue, which is held regularly in Azerbaijan, as an “important global platform for the promotion of intercultural dialogue”.
In summary, according to the ambassador, in thirty years a great history of the independence of Azerbaijan has been built.